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2007年12月英语新四级真题

  发表日期:2008年7月13日          【编辑录入:base

Passage Two

Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.

30. A. He suffered from mental illness.

    B. He bought the washing on post.

    C. He turned a failing newspaper into a success.

    D. He was once a reporter for a major newspaper.

31. A. She was the first woman to lead a big U.S. publishing company.

    B. She got her first job as a teacher at the University of Chicago.

    C. She committed suicide because of her mental disorder.

    D. She took over her father’s position when he died.

32. A. People came to see the role of women in the business world.

    B. Katharine played a major part in reshaping Americans’ mind.

    C. American media would be quite different without Katharine.

    D. Katharine had exerted an important influence on the world.

 

Passage Three

Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

33. A. It’ll enable them to enjoy the best medical care.

    B. It’ll allow them to receive free medical treatment.

    C. It’ll protect them from possible financial crises.

    D. It’ll prevent the doctors from overcharging them.

34A. They cant immediately get back the money paid for their medical cost.

    B. They have to go through very complicated application procedures.

    C. They can only visit doctors who speak their native languages.

    D. They may not be able to receive timely medical treatment.

35A. They dont have to pay for the medical services.

    B. They needn’t pay the entire medical bill at once.

    C. They must send the receipts to the insurance company promptly.

    D. They have to pay a much higher price to get an insurance policy.

 

Section C

Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

 

    More and more of the word’s population are living in towns or cities. The speed at which cities are growing in the less developed countries is(36) ____. Between 1920 and 1960 big cities in developed countries(37) _____two and a half times in size, but in other parts of the world the growth was eight times their size.

    They(38) ____size of growth is bad enough, but there are now also very(39)____signs of trouble in the(40) _____of percentages of people living in towns and percentages of people working in industry. During the nineteenth century cities grew as a result of the growth of industry. In Europe the(41)_____of people living in cities was always smaller than that of the (42)_____working in factories. Now, however, the(43)_______is almost always true in the newly industrialized world:(44) ______________________________________ .

    Without a base of people working in industry, these cities cannot pay for their growth;(45)________________

_______________________________________ . There has been little opportunity to build water supplies or other facilities. (46)  _________________________ a growth in the number of hopeless and despairing parents and starving children.

 

Part Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)

Section A

Directions: In this sectionThere is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

As war spreads to many comers of the globe, Children sadly have been drawn into the center of conflicts. In Afghanistan, Bosnia, and Colombia, however, groups of children have been taking part in peace education 47 .The children, after learning to resolve conflicts, took on the 48 of peacemakers. The Childrens Movement for peacemakers was even nominated(提名) or the Nobel peace prize in 1998. Groups of children 49 is peacemakers studied human rights an poverty issues in Colombia, eventually forming a group with five other schools in Bogota known a The Schools of Peace.

The classroom 50 opportunities for children to replace angry, violent behaviors with 51 ,peaceful ones. It is in the classroom that caring and respect for each person empowers children to take a step 52 toward becoming peacemakers. Fortunately, educators have access to many online resources that are 53 useful when helping children along the path to peace. The Young Peacemakers Club, started in 1992, provides a Website with resources for teachers and 54 on staring a Kindness Campaign. The World Centers of Compassion for Children International call attention to children’s rights and how to help the 55 of war. Starting a Peacemakers’ Club  is a praiseworthy venture for a class an one that could spread to other classrooms an ideally affect the culture of the 56 school.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。[『沸腾年代』http://www.feitium.org].61630982008-7-13

A) acting                I) information

B) assuming              J) offers

C) comprehensive         K) projects

D) cooperative           L) respectively

E) entire                M) role

F) especially            N) technology

G) forward               O) victims

H) images

Section B

Directions:  There are 2 passages in this section . Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them are four choices marked A), B), C) and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 57 to 61 are based on following passage.

By almost any measure , there is a boom in Internet-based instruction . In just a few years , 34 percent of American universities have begun offering some form of distance learning (DL), and among the larger schools , it’s closer to 90 percent . If you doubt the popularity of the trend, you probably haven’t. It enrolls 90,000 student, a statistic used to support its claim to be the largest private university in the country.

While the kinds of instruction offered in these programs will differ, DL usually signifies a course in which the instructions post syllabi(课程大纲), reading assignments , and schedules on Websites , and students send in their assignments by e-mail . Generally speaking, face-to-face communication with an instructor is minimized or eliminated altogether.

The attraction for students might at first seem obvious. Primarily , theres the convenience promised by courses on the Net: you can do the work, as they say , in your pajamas(睡衣). But figures indicate that the reduced effort results in a reduced commitment to the course. While dropout rates for all freshmen at American universities is around 20 percent, the rate for online students is 35 percent. Students themselves seem to understand the weaknesses inherent in the setup. In a survey conducted for Cornell, the DL division of Cornell University, less than a third of the respondents expected the quality of the online course to be as good as the classroom course.

Cleary form the schools perspective , there’s a lot of money to be saved . Although some of the more ambitious programs require new investments in servers and networks to support collaborative software , most DL courses can run on existing or minimally upgraded(升级)systems . The more students who enroll in a course but dont come to campus, the more the school saves on keeping the lights on in the classrooms , paying doorkeepers , and maintaining parking lots , And theres evidences that instructors must work harder to run a DL course for a variety of reasons , won’t be paid any more , and might well be paid less.

 

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

57. What is the most striking feature of the University of Phoenix?

A) All its courses are offered online.

B) Its online courses are of the best quality.

C) It boasts the largest number of students on campus

D) Anyone taking its online courses is sure to get a degree.

58According to the passage , distance learning is basically characterized by_____

A) A considerable flexibility in its academic requirements

B) The great diversity of students’ academic backgrounds

C) A minimum or total absence of face-to-face instruction

D) t the casual relationship between students and professors

59. Many students take Internet -based courses mainly because they can_____

A) Earn their academic degrees with much less effort

B) Save a great deal on traveling and boarding expenses

C) Select courses from various colleges and universities

D) Work on the required courses whenever and wherever

60. What accounts for the high drop-out rates for online students?

A) There is no strict control over the academic standards of the courses.

B) The evaluation system used by online universities is inherently weak.

C) There is no mechanism to ensure that they make the required effort.

D) Lack of classroom interaction reduces the effectiveness of instruction.

61. According to the passage, universities show great enthusiasm for DL programs for the purpose of_____

A) building up their reputation        C) upgrading their teaching facilities

B) cutting down on their expenses     D) providing convenience for students

 

Passage Two

Questions62 to 66 are based on the following passage.

In this age of Internet chat, videogames and reality television, there is no shortage of mindless activities to keep a child occupied. Yet, despite the competition, my 8-year-old daughter Rebecca wants to spend her leisure time writing short stories. She wants to enter one of her stories into a writing contest, a competition she won last yes.

As a writer I know about winning contest, and about losing them. I know what it is like to work hard on a story only to receive a rejection slip from the publisher. I also know the pressures of trying to live up to a reputation created by previous victories. What if she doesn’t win the contest again? That’s the strange thing about being a parent. So many of our own past scars and dashed hopes can surface.

A revelation(启示)came last week when I asked her, Dont you want to win again? No, she replied, I just want to tell the story of an angel going to first grade.

I had just spent weeks correcting her stories as she spontaneously(自由地)told them. Telling myself that I was merely an experienced writer guiding the young writer across the hall, I offered suggestions for characters, conflicts and endings for her tales. The story about a fearful angel starting first trade was quickly “guided” by me into the tale of a little girl with a wild imagination taking her fist music lesson. I had turned her contest into my contest without even realizing it.

Staying back and giving kids space to grow is not as easy as it looks. Because I know very little about farm animals who use tools or angels who go to first grade, I had to accept the fact that I was co-opting(借用)my daughters experience.

   While stepping back was difficult for me, it was certainly a good first step that I will quickly follow with more steps, putting myself far enough away to give her room but close enough to help if asked. All the while I will be reminding myself that children need room to experiment, grow and find their own voices.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

62. What do we learn from the first paragraph?

   A) Children do find lots of fun in many mindless activities.

   B) Rebecca is much too occupied to enjoy her leisure time.

   C) Rebecca draws on a lot of online materials for her writing.

   D) A lot of distractions compete for children’s time nowadays.

63. What did the author say about her own writing experience?

   A) She did not quite live up to her reputation as a writer.

   B) Her way to success was full of pains and frustrations.

   C) She was constantly under pressure of writing more.

   D) Most of her stories had been rejected by publishers.

64. Why did Rebecca want to enter this year’s writing contest?

   A) She believed she possessed real talent for writing.

   B) She was sure of winning with her mother’s help.

   C) She wanted to share her stories with readers.

   D) She had won a prize in the previous contest.

65. What’s the author’s advice for parents?

   A) A writing career, though attractive, is not for every child to pursue.

   B) Children should be allowed freedom to grow through experience.

   C) Parents should keep an eye on the activities their opinions.

Part V Cloze (15 minutes)

Directions:    There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A)B),C)and D)on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

 

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

    One factor that can influence consumers is

their mood state. Mood may be defined __67__ a          67A)as          C)by

temporary and mild positive or negative feeling             B)about       D)with

that is generalized and not tied __68__ any particular  68A)over        C)to

                                                            B)under       D)up

circumstance. Moods should be __69__ from               69A)derived     C)divided

                                                            B)descended   D)distinguished

emotions which are usually more intense, __70__ to      70A)related     C)attached

specific circumstances, and often conscious.                B)referred    D)associated

 __71__ one sense, the effect of a consumers mood     71A)On          C)In

                                                            B)Of          D)By

can be thought of in __72__ the same way as can         72A)thus        C)even

                                                            B)much        D)still

our reactions to the __73__ of our friendswhen our    73A)signal      C)view

friends are happy and “up”, that tends to influence       B)gesture     D)behavior

us positively, __74__ when they are down, that can  74A)for         C)unless

                                                            B)but         D)provided

have a __75__ impact on us. Similarly, consumers        75A)relative    C)negative

                                                            B)decisive    D)sensitive

operating under a __76__ mood state tend to react to    76A)given       C)fixed

                                                            B)granted     D)driven

stimulate(刺激因素)in a direction __77__ with that      77A)resistant   C)insistent

mood state. Thus, for example, we should expect             B)persistent  D)consistent

to see __78__ in a positive mood state evaluate         78A)consumer    C)retailers

                                                            B)businessmen D)manufacturers

products in more of a __79__ manner than they           79A)casual      C)serious

                                                            B)critical    D)favorable

would when not in such a state, __80__ mood states      80A)However     C)Moreover

                                                            B)Otherwise   D)Nevertheless

appear capable of __81__ a consumer’s meomory.         81. A)lifting     C)raising

                                                            B)enhancing   D)cultivating

     Moods appear to be __82__ influenced by mar-       82. A)readily     C)cautiously

keting techniques. For example, the rhythm, pitch,          B)rarely      D)currently

and __83__ of music has been shown to influence         83. A)step        C)band

                                                            B)speed       D)volume

Behavior such as the __84__ of time spent in            84. A)extent      C)scope

                                                            B)amount      D)range

Supermarkets or __85__ to purchase products. In         85. A)facilities  C)reflections

Addition, advertising can influence consumers’             B)capacities  D)intensions

moods which, in __86__, are capable of influencing      86. A)turn        C)detail

consumers’ reactions to products.                          B)total       D)depth

 

Part Translation   (5 minutes)

Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets. Please write your translation on Answer Sheet 2.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答,只需写出译文部分。

87. ____________________ (多亏了一系列的新发明)doctors can treat this disease

Successfully.

88. In my sixties, one change I notice is that ________________ (我比以前更容易累了).

89. I am going to purchase this course, _________________________ (无论我要作出什么样的牺牲).

90. I would prefer shopping online to shopping in a department store _____________________________________  (它更加方便和省时).

91. Many Americans live on credit, and their quality of life ______________ (是用他们能够借到多少来衡量的)not how much they can earn.


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