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2008年6月英语新四级真题

  发表日期:2008年7月13日          【编辑录入:base

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Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)

Section A

Question 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.

Some years ago I was offered a writing assignment that would require three months of travel through Europe. I had been abroad a couple of times, but I could hardly -47- to know my way around the continent. Moreover, my knowledge of foreign languages was -48- to a little college French.

I hesitated. How would I, unable to speak the language, -49- unfamiliar with local geography or transportation systems, set up-50- and do research? It seemed impossible, and with considerable-51-I sat down to write a letter begging off. Halfway through, a thought ran through my mind: you can’t learn if you don’t try. So I accepted the assignment.

There were some bad-52-. But by the time I had finished the trip I was an experienced traveler. And ever since. I have never hesitated to head for even the most remote of places. Without guides or even-53- bookings. Confident that somehow I will manage.

The point is that the new, the different, is almost by definition –54- . but each time you try something. You learn. And as the learning plies up. The world opens to you.

I’ve learned to ski at 40, and flown up the Rhine river in a –55-. And I know I’ll go to doing such things. It’s not because I’m braver or more daring than others. I’m not. But I’ll accept anxiety as another name for challenge and I believe I can-56-wonders.

 

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

A.accomplish I.manufacture

B.advanced J.moments

C.balloon K.news

D.claim L.reduced

E.constantly M.regret

F.declare N.scary

G.interviews O.totally

H.limited

 

Passage One

Question 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.

Global warming may or may not be the great environmental crisis of the 21st century, but- regardless of whether it is or isn't - we won't do much about it. We will argue over it and may even, as a nation, make some fairly solemn-sounding commitments to avoid it. But the more dramatic and meaningful these commitments seem, the less likely they are to be observed.

A1 Gore calls global warming an "inconvenient truth," as if merely recognizing it could put us on a path to a solution. But the real truth is that we don't know enough to relieve global warming, and - without major technological breakthroughs - we can't do much about it.

From 2003 to 2050,the world 's population is projevted to grow from  6.4 billon to 9.1 billion ,a 42% increase.if energy use per person and  technology remain te same,total energy use and greenhouse gas  emissions(mainly,CO2)will be 42% higher in 2050.But that's too  low,because societies that grow richer use more energy.We need econmic  growth unless we condemn the world's poor to their present

 

Poverty and freeze everyone else's living standards.With modest  growth,energy use and greenhouse emissions more then double by 2050.

No government will adopt rigid restrictions on economic growth and  personal freeom (limits on electricity usage,driving and travel)that  might cut back global warming.Still,politicians want to show they're  "doing something"Consider the Kyoto Protoco(京都议定书).It alowed  countries that joined to punish those that didn't.But it hasn't  reduced CO2 emissions(up about 25% since 1990),and many signatories( 字国) didn't adopt tough enough policies to hit their 2008-2012  targets.

The practical codusion is that if global warming is a potential  disaster,the only solution is new technology.Only an aggressive  research and development program miaght find ways of breaking our  dependence on fossil fuels or dealing with it.

The trouble with the global warming debate is that it has become a  moral proble when it's teally an engineering one.The inconvenient  truth is that if we don't solve the engineering problem, we're helpless.

57.What is said about global warming in the first paragraph?

A) It may not prove an environmental crisis at all.

B) It is an issue repuiring worldwide commitments.

C) Serious steps have been taken to avoid or stop it.

D) Very little will be done to bting it undet control.

58.According to the author's understanding, what is A1 Gore's view on global warming?

A) It is a reality both people and politicians are unawre of.

B) It is a phenomenon that causes us many inconveniences.

C) It is a problem that can be solved once it is recognized.

D) It is an area we actually have little knowledge about.

59.Greenhouse emissions will more than double by 2050 because of ___.

A) economic growth[『沸腾年代』http://www.feitium.org].31934322008-7-13

B) wasteful use of energy

C) the widening gap between the rich and poor

D) the rapid advances of science and technology

60.The author believes that, since the signing of the Kyoto Protocol,____.

A) politicians have started to do something to better the situation

B) few nations have adopted real tough measures to limit energy use

C) reductions in energy consumption have greatly cut back global warming

D) international cooperation has contributed to solving envoronmental problems

61.What is the message the author intends to convey?

A) Global warming is more of a moral issue than a practical one.

B) The ultimate solution to global warming lies in new technology.

C) The debate over global warming will lead to technological breakthroughs.

D) People have to give up certain material comforts to stop global warming.

 

Passage Two

Question 62 to 66 are based on the following passage.

Someday a siranger will read your e-mail without your permission or scan the Website you've visitedOr perhaps someone will casually glance through your credit card purchases or cell phonebills to find out your shopping preferences or calling habits.

In fact, it's likely some of these things have already happened to you. Who would watch you without your permisson? It might be a spous, a girlfreiend, a marketing company, a boss, a cop or a criminal. Whoever it is, they will see you in a way you never intended to be seen - the 21st century equivalent of being caught naked.

Psychologists tell us boundaries are healthy, that it's important to reveal yourself to friends, family and lovers in stages, at appropriate times. But few boundaries remain. The digital bread crumbs(碎屑) you leave everywhere make it easy for strangers to reconstruct who you are, where you are and what you like. In some cases, a simple Google search can reveal what you think. Like it or not, increasingly we live in a world where you simply cannot keep a secret.

The key question is: Does that matter?

For many Americans, the answer apparently is "no."

When opinion polls ask Americans about privacy, most say they are concerned about losting it. A survery found an overwhelming pessimism about privacy, with 60 percent of respondents saying they feel their privacy is "slipping away, and that bothers me."

But people say one thing and do another. Only a tiny fraction of Americans change any behaviors in an effort to preserve their privacy. Few people turn down a discount at tollbooths(收费站) to avoid using the EZ-Pass system that can track automobile movements. And few turn donw supermarket loyalty cards. Privacy economist A lessandro Acauisti has run a series of  tests that reveal people will surrender personal information like Socail Security numbers just to get their hands on a pitiful 50-cents-off coupon(优惠卷)

But privacy does matter - at least sometimes. It's like health: When you have it, you don't notice it. Only when it's gone do you wish you'd done more to protect it.

62. What does the author mean by saying "the 21st century equivalent of being caught naked" (Lines 3-4,Para.2)?

A) People's personal information is easily accessed without their knowledge.

B) In the 21st century people try every means to look into others' secrets.

C) People tend to be more frank with each other in the information age.

D) Criminals are easily caught on the spot with advanced technology.

63.What would psychologists advise on the relationships between friends?

A) Friends should open their hearts to each other.

B) Friends should always be faithful to each other.

C) There should be a distance even between friends.

D) There should be fewer disputes between friends.

64. Why does the author say "we live in a world where you simply cannot keep a secret" (Line5,para.3)

A) Modern society has finally evolved into an open society.

B) People leave traces around when using modern technology.

C) There are always people who are curious about others' affairs.

D) Many search engines profit by revealing people's identities.

65. What do most Americans do with regard to privacy protection?

A) They change behaviors that might disclose their identity.

B) They use various loyalty cards for business transactions.

C) They rely most and more on electronic devices.

D) They talk a lot but hardly do anything about it.

66.According to the passage, privacy is like health in that ___.

A) people will make every effort to keep it.

B) its importance is rarely understood

C) is is something that can easily be lost

D) people don't cherish it until they lose it

Part V Cloze (15 minutes)

Universities are institutions that teach a wide variety of subjects at advanced levels. They also carry out research work aimed -67- extending man's knowledge of these subjects. The emphasis given to each of these functions -68- from university to university, according to the views of the people in -69- and according to the resources available. The smaller and newer universities do no -70- the staff or equipment to carry out the -71- research projects possible in larger institutions. -72- most experts agree that some research activity is -73- to keep the staff and their students in -74- with the lastest developments in their subjects.

Most students attend a university mainly to -75- the knowledge needed for their chosen -76-. Educationists believe that this aim should not be the -77- one. Universities have always aimed to produce men and women -78- judgment and wisdom as weel as knowledge.For this reason, they -79- studends to meet others with differing -80- and to read widely to -81- their understanding in many fields of study. -82- a secondary school course, a student should be interested enought in a subject to enjoy gainiing knowledge for its own -83-. He should be prepared to -84- sacrifices to study his chosen -85- in depth. He should have an ambition to make some -86- contribution to man's knowledge.

67.A) at B) by C) to D) in

68.A) turns B) ranges C) moves D) varies

69.A) prospect B) place C) control D) favor

70.A) occupy B) possess C) involve D) spare

71.A) maximum B) medium C) virtual D) vast

72.A) But B) As C) While D) For

73.A) natural B) essential C) functional D) optional

74.A) coordination B) accordance C) touch D) grasp

75.A) acquire B) accept C) endure D) ensure

76.A) procession B) profession C) possession D) preference

77.A) typical B) true C) mere D) only

78.A) with B) under C) on D) through

79.A) prompt B) provoke C) encourage D) anticipate

80.A) histories B) expressions C) interests D) curiosities

81.A) broaden B) lengthen C) enforce D) specify

82.A) Amid B) Over C) After D) Upon

83.A) object B) effect C) course D) sake

84.A) take B) suffer C) make D) pay

85.A) field B) target C) scope D) goal

86.A) radical B) meaningful C) truthful D) initial

 

.翻译部分(11251130

Part VI Translation ( 5 minutes )

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答,只需写出译文部分。

87. Our efforts will pay off if the results of the research _________ .(能应用于新技术的开发)

88. I cant boot my computer now. Something __________(一定出了毛病)with its operating system.

89. Leaving ones job, _____________ (无论是什么工作), is a difficult change,

even for those who look forward to retiring.

90. _________(与我成长的地方相比), this town is more prosperous and exciting.

91. _________(直到他完成使命)did he realize that he was seriously ill.

Listening script:

11. M: Today is a bad day for me; I fell off a step and twisted my ankle.

   W: Don’t worry, usually ankle injuries heal quickly if you stop regular activity for a while.

Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?

12. W: May I see your ticket please? I think you are sitting in my seat.

   M: Oh, you are right. My seat is in the balcony. I’m terribly sorry.

   Q: Where does the conversation most probably take place?

13. W: Did you hear Mr. Smith died in his sleep last night?

   M: Yes, it’s very sad. Please let everybody know that whoever wants to, may attend the funeral.

   Q: What are the speakers talking about?

14. M: Have you taken Professor Young’s exam before? I’m kind of nervous.

W: Yes, just concentrate on the important ideas she’s talked about in class and ignore the details.

Q: How does the woman suggest the man prepare for Professor Young’s exam?

15. W: I’m so sorry sir, and you’ll let me pay to have your jacket cleaned, won’t you?

   M: That’s all right, it could happen to anyone. And I’m sure that coffee doesn’t leave lasting marks on

clothing.

   Q: What can we infer from the conversation?

16. W: Have you seen the movie the departed? The plot was so complicated that I really got lost.

   M: Yeah, I felt the same, but after I saw it a second time, I could put all the pieces together.

   Q: How did the two speakers find the movie?

17. M: I’m really surprised you got an “A” on the test. You didn’t seem to have done a lot of reading.

   W: Now you know why I never missed a lecture.

Q: What contributes to the woman’s high score?

18. W: Have you heard about a new digital television system? It lets people get about 500 channels.

   M: Yeah, but I doubt they’ll have anything different from what we  watch now.

   Q: What does the man mean?

 

Conversation One

 

W: Gosh! Have you seen this Richard?

M: Seeing what?

W: In the paper, it says there’s a man going round pretending he’s from the electricity board. He’s been calling

at people’s homes, saying he’s come to check that all their appliances are safe. Then he gets around them to make

him a cup of tea and while they are out of the room, he steals their money, handbag, whatever and makes off with it.

M: But you know Jane, it’s partly their own fault. You should never let anyone like that in unless you are

expecting them.

W: It’s all very well to say that, but someone comes to the door and says electricity or gas, and you automatically

think they are ok, especially if they flash a card to you.

M: Does this man have an I. D. then?

W: Yes, that’s just it! It seems he used to work for the electricity board at one time. According to the paper, the

police are warning people, especially pensioners not to admit anyone unless they have an appointment. It’s a bit

sad. One old lady told them she’d just been to the post office to draw her pension when he called. She said he must

have followed her home. He stole the whole lot.

M: But what does he look like? Surely they must have a description.

W: Oh, yes, they have. Let’s see. In his thirties, tall, bushy dark hair, slight northern accent, sounds a bit like

you actually.

 

Q19. What does the woman want the man to read in the newspaper? (A theft case)

Q20. How did the man mentioned in the newspaper try to win further trust from the victims?

(Flashing his I.D. to them)

Q21. What is the warning from the police?( not to admit anyone unless they have an appointment)

Q22. What does the woman speaker tell us about the old lady?(Her pension has been stolen by the man)

Conversation Two

M: Miss Jones, could you tell me more about your first job with hotel marketing concepts?

W: Yes certainly. I was a marketing consultant, responsible for marketing ten UK hotels. They were all luxury hotels

in the leisure sector, all of a very high standard.

M: Which markets were you responsible for?

W: For Europe and Japan.

M: I see from your resume that you speak Japanese. Have you ever been to Japan?

W: Yes, I have. I spent a month in Japan in 2006. I met all the key people in the tourist industry, the big tour

operators and tourist organizations. As I speak Japanese, I had a very big advantage.

M: Yes, of course. Have you had any contact with Japan in your present job?

W: Yes, I’ve had a lot. The truth is I have become very popular with the Japanese, both for holidays and for

business conferences. In fact, the market for all types of luxury holidays for the Japanese has increased a lot

recently.

M: Really, I’m interested to hear more about that, but first, tell me, have you ever traveled on a luxury train?

The Orient Express, for example.

W: No I haven’t, but I have traveled on a glacier express to Switzerland and I traveled across China by train about

8 years ago. I love train travel. That’s why I’m very interested in this job.

Q23. What did the woman do in her first job?(marketing consultant)

Q24. What gave the woman an advantage during her business trip in Japan?(She can speak Japanese)

Q25. Why is the woman applying for the new job? (She loves train travel.)

 

 

Passage one:

 

Time

  I think a lot about time and not just because its the name of the news organization I work for. Like most

working people, I find time or the lack of it, are never ending frustration and an unwinable battle. My every day is

a race against the clock that I never ever seem to win. This is hardly a lonesome complaint, according to the

families and work institutes, national study of the changing work force, 55% of the employees say they don’t have

enough time for themselves, 63% don’t have enough time for their spouses or partners, and 67% don’t have enough

time for their children. It’s also not a new complaint. I bet our ancestors returned home from hunting wild animals

and gathering nuts, and complained about how little time they had to paint battle scenes on their cave walls. The

difference is that the boss of the animal hunting and the head of nut gathering probably told them to “Shut up!”

or “No survival for you!” Today’s workers are still demanding control over their time, the difference is: today’

s bosses are listening. I’ve been reading a report issued today called When Work Works, produced jointly by 3

organizations. They set out to find and award the employers who employ the most creative and most effective ways to

give their workers flexibility. I found this report worth reading and suggest every boss should read it for ideas.

Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.

26. What is the speaker complaining about?

   He’s in a hurry to work everyday and doesn’t have enough spare time.

27. What does the speaker say about our ancestors?

   They were busy with finding food outside in order to survive.

28. Why does the speaker suggest all bosses read the report by the 3 organizations?

Because this report may help them keep their most creative and effective workers working without too much complaint.

 

Passage 2

   Loving a child is a circular business. The more you give, the more you get. The more you want to give, Penalapy

Leach once said. What she said proves to be true of my blended family. I was born in 1931as the youngest of 6

children, I learn to share my parents’ love. Raising 6 children during the difficult times of the Great Depression

took its toll on my parents’ relationship and resulted in their divorce when I was 18 years old. Daddy never had

very close relationships with his children and drifted even farther away from us after the divorce. Several years

later, a wonderful woman came into his life, and they were married. She had 2 sons. One of them is still at home.

Under her influence we became a blended family and a good relationship developed between the 2 families. She always

treated us as if we were her own children. It was because of our other mother, daddy’s second wife, that he became

closer to his own children. They shared over 25 years together before our father passed away. At the time of his

death, the question came up of my mother, daddy’s first wife, attending his funeral. I will never forget the

unconditional love shown by my stepmother, when I asked her if she would object to mother attending daddy’s

funeral. Without giving it a second thought, she immediately replied, “of course not, honey, she is the mother of

my children.”

 

Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you’ve just heard.

29. According to the speaker, what contributed to her parents’ divorce?

   The difficult time of the Great Depression

30. What brought his father closer to his children?

   A wonderful woman, his stepmother

31. What message does the speaker want to convey in this talk?

Unconditional love may contribute greatly to keeping closer relationship between family members.

 

Passage three

In February last year, my wife lost her job. Just as suddenly, the owner of the greenhouse where I worked as manager

died of a heart attack. His family announced that they were going to close the business because no one in the family

wanted to run it. Things looked pretty gloomy. My wife and I read the want-ads each day. Then one morning, as I was

hanging out “Going out of Business” sign at the greenhouse, the door opened and in walked a customer. She was an

office manager whose company has just moved into the new office park on the edge of town. She was looking for petite

plants to place in the reception areas and offices. "I don't know anything about plants," she said. "I'm sure in a

few weeks they’ll all be dead." Why was I helping her select her purchases? My mind was racing. Perhaps as many as

a dozen firms have recently opened offices in the new office park, and there were several hundred more acres with

construction under way. That afternoon, I drove out to the office park. By six o'clock that evening I had signed

contracts with seven companies to rent plants from me and pay me a fee to maintain them. Within a week, I had worked

out an agreement to lease the greenhouse from the owner's family. Business is now increasing rapidly.

And one day, we hope to be the proud owners of the greenhouse.

 

32What do we learn about the greenhouse?

It is a place where we can buy plants.

33.  What was the speaker doing when the customer walked in one morning?

He just finish making a phone call.

34   What did the speaker think of when serving the office manager?

He does not know for sure why he helps her

35. What was the speaker’s hope for the future?

He hopes to be the proud owner of the green house.

Compound dictation

 

 

We're now witnessing the emergence of the advanced economy based on information and knowledge. Physical labor, raw

materials and capital are no longer the key ingredients in the creation of wealth. Now the vital raw material in our

economy is knowledge. Tomorrow's wealth depends on the development and exchange of knowledge. And individuals

entering the work force offer their knowledge, not their muscles. Knowledge workers get paid for their education and

their ability to learn. Knowledge workers engage in mind work. They deal with symbols, words, figures, and data.

 

What does all this mean for you?

 

As a future knowledge worker, you can expect to be generating, processing as well as exchanging information.

Currently, three out of four jobs involve some form of mind work. And that number will increase sharply in the

future. Management and employees alike will be making decisions in such areas as product development, quality

control, and customer satisfaction.

 

In the new world of work, you can look forward to being in constant training to acquire new skills that will help

you keep up with improved technologies and procedures. [『沸腾年代』http://www.feitium.org].31934322008-7-13

 

You can also expect to be taking greater control of your career. Gone are the nine to five jobs, lifetime security,

predictable promotions, and even the conventional workplace as you're familiar with. Don't expect the companies will

provide you with a clearly defined career path, and don't wait for some one to empower you. You have to empower

yourself.

 


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